Mélanger dans un bol le sucre avec la margarine puis ajouter l’œuf. Incorporer ensuite la farine, la levure et le sel et mélanger à la cuillère en bois jusqu’à obtenir un boule de pâte. Préchauffer le four à 180 °C. Ajouter le chocolat en morceaux et les noix. Faire des boules de pâte et les disposer sur du papier sulfurisé. Enfourner pour 12 ou 15 minutes selon la texture souhaitée.
Article produced by Heolruz and translated by Maia Sefton
The sound of Noise is a piece that can be classified under many different genres. It was made by Johannes Ola Simonsson and Stjarne Nilsson and released to cinemas in 2010. This film is quite coherent with the subject matter we chose to analyse but it also offers something a little different with a mix of audacity and a few novelties. It’s kind of like a UFO, it blends very distinct themes by passing through police registers towards a more comedic approach and even going through romance and music. It’s an unclassifiable movie that is so well twined to keep us on our toes. The main character, Amadeus Warnebring comes from a family of musicians, but he himself hates music with a burning rage. He is promised a radiant future in the classical music industry as a conductor but he chooses to abstain from this since he has quite a distaste for symphonies and insteads he opts for a career as a detective. One day, a threat appears, as a group of terrorists plan an apocalypse by playing an evil partition with the town itself being the instrument. A frenzied chase begins within places that are akin to urban agglomeration such as port terminals, offices and electrical centers. In this film there is a little of the madness and joy that we find in Goodmorning England that was released in 2009 in the sense that they chose to explore interesting musical paths (though they are not similar) but also through the characters wishes. It’s a thriller between a bunch of insane musicians and a tormented inspector, but it’s also a dramatic comedy that prompts us to reflect on the world around us.
Everyone will have a different interpretation when faced with such an interesting piece such as this one, but there is a flaggarent visual and sonor criticism aimed at polluted urban settings. He invites the audience to question the noises that surround them and who interfere within their listening fields, in a world that is constantly moving, where time is reduced down to our scale and with the acceleration of society noises also intensify.
Even though the film drags on a bit and has a somewhat conventional romantic story, it should be seen as a portrait of the city, a painting projected onto the screen with good and bad sides. The whole piece is not based on the images shown, the camera certainly paints a somewhat hazy and elusive picture of the city, but this impression mostly comes from the methods used during the unfolding of the film. The frame is based on the rhythm, given by the musicians instruments, they guide the images, provoke actions and change. Where in most of today’s movies the soundtrack is meticulously placed over an image to give it the right speed, the right sound quality, but in this film it is quite the opposite. Sound and music guide the film. However it is not your average musical, the pieces don’t flow together one after another, it is a very particular partition that does not aim to please, but to immerse the world into a revolution and to suppress the sound interference generated by the constant buzzing of the city.
Sound of Noise in a zany cinematographic experiment but it was a success, it replaces dialogue with sounds which creates some very interesting scenes. In a decor that has aged quite quickly it still played a part in differentiating the serious and the old fashioned even when it was created.It’s a film that has many twists without disturbing the continuity. A particular ode to the daring and courage that it takes to oversee such a project.
As a short film I would like to introduce you to Peter Tschekassky’s Outer Space (1999) but be careful if you are prone to epilepsy, it is quite violent and the images follow one another very quickly with very white and very black contrasts. I would also like to recommend the animated short Totsukuni no Shoujo (2019) by Yutaro Kubo and Satomi Maiya which is a charming revisited little tale. It follows the friendship of a child and a monster in the heart of the forest.
Là est la première difficulté que l’on rencontre lorsque l’on souhaite s’exprimer en public : le public. J-P. Sartres lui-même disait que « l’enfer, c’est les autres », les autres qui vous jugeront, analyseront, qui décortiqueront vos dires pour les retourner contre vous, qui, par leurs expressions faciales vous diront « vas-y, c’est bien ce que tu dis, continue ! » ou au contraire « arrête le massacre ! heureusement que le ridicule ne tue pas ».
Mais savoir affronter son public n’est pas une mince affaire. Il faut faire preuve de pugnacité, de détermination et de confiance en soi. Si vous-même n’êtes pas intimement convaincu et persuadé de ce que vous avancez, comment d’autres pourraient-ils l’être ?
Convaincre est tout un art, un art qui ne s’improvise pas. Cet art requiert du travail, de l’étude, du temps et de l’expérience car n’est pas bon orateur qui veut.
Pour savoir convaincre, il faut soit même être convaincu. Il n’est pas nécessaire d’être convaincu que ce que l’on avance est vrai et irréfutable, il faut simplement être convaincu que ce que l’on présente convaincra et saura marquer les esprits. Là, est l’art de la sophistique, savoir défendre tout et son contraire en étant convaincu que ce puisse être défendable.
Celui qui défendra l’idée selon laquelle la Terre est ronde s’appuiera sur des photographies car il saura que son argument fera mouche et suscitera de la conviction de la part de son orateur. Mais celui qui défendra la thèse inverse, selon laquelle la Terre est plate, pourra dire qu’on ne peut vouer une pleine et entière confiance à des photographies qui ont été prises par autrui et qui peuvent très bien avoir été travesties. Pour certains, cet argument pourrait faire toute la différence.
Ce qu’il est important de retenir et de bien comprendre, c’est que lorsque l’on s’exprime publiquement, que ce soit lors d’une tirade ou durant un débat, bien souvent on ne fait que défendre et apporter sa propre opinion sur laquelle on va argumenter et se fonder pour développer des théories. Ces opinions que l’on a nous paraissent bonnes pour nous-mêmes et nous semblent touchées par la grâce de la vérité. Néanmoins, ceux possédant des opinions différentes pourront penser de même sur les leurs … c’est en cela que nous avons utilité à débattre et à exprimer publiquement nos avis, pensées, théories et opinions, afin de pouvoir en discuter et s’enrichir des opinions dissidentes.
Alors, lorsque l’on souhaite s’exprimer publiquement, faire part de théories, de pensées construites et développées, d’opinions mures et réfléchies, il ne faut pas se laisser submerger par ses émotions et surtout ne pas craindre le ridicule, car le plus ridicule n’est pas celui qui ose s’exprimer, mais celui qui se moque sans oser. Exprimer son opinion est donc une action très louable qui ne doit pas être limitée par la peur d’autrui. Celui qui n’acceptera pas votre opinion, parce qu’elle est différente ne méritera pas que vous la lui partagiez car si même Voltaire affirmait que « je ne suis pas d’accord avec ce que vous dites, mais je me battrai jusqu’à la mort pour que vous ayez le droit de le dire », quiconque pourrait vous empêcher de partager honnêtement vos pensées ?
La liberté de conscience et de pensée que nous possédons aujourd’hui est un des biens les plus précieux que nous ayons en nous, alors il faut savoir s’en servir pour faire évoluer nos sociétés et oser la mettre en pratique malgré ses réticences afin d’assurer la pluralité de conscience et d’opinions, si chère à toute démocratie libérale et à toute évolution culturelle.
The witch hunts during the Renaissance led to around 100 000 executions in Europe, the victim being mostly old, poor rural women. Between 1560 and 1660, it’s a brutal repression especially along the Rhin, but women are guilty by nature for most catholics. The church strongly encourages the denunciation of Jewish women, who are supposedly the origin of the mythical evil witches and the sabbath, which is a demonic ceremony that involves orgies and the cooking of children. Witches are seen as even more menacing when they are jewish, her persecution relies mostly on an imaginary conspiracy that would threaten christianity. If a women was suspected of being a witch whether it be because she was outspoken or lived alone the common procedure waas to torture her until they discovered the mark of the devil or any old scar really that would cement the idea that she has indeed made a deal with the devil. Sometimes she was tied up and thrown in a lake: if she floated then the assumptions were correct and she was then burned at the stake, but if she sank she was just a regular woman who drowned. The church led the charge since the devil himself is said to be the one who causes all the woes of the world such as earthquakes and epidemics – these epidemics were on the rise because of the growing number of rats in the streets caused by the lack of cats since they were killed due to them being associated with witchcraft.
Moreover the printing press started diffusing the treaty of Malleus Maleficarum ( or “witches hammer”) at the end of the XVth century which shared the idea that women were inferior and that witches were a huge threat. A witch, a free and independent woman is scary for a lot of men. Because what does a woman have when she is free of a husband and has no children? She has power. A witch chooses her own lifestyle. She is no longer beholden to society’s values that tell a woman to get married, have kids, to have no intense sexuelle experiences and to just be quiet and look pretty, to be seen but not heard. A witch lives alone and flourishes by helping her community thanks to her knowledge and therapeutic practices. The single woman embodies independence which is not taught to young girls. For them growing as a person is intertwined with building a family and marriage whereas for men there is no miraculous idea of marriage but more the idea that they need to conquer the world. If older ladies are more oppressed it’s because their experience allows them to know better and be more self assured which is accentuated by the lack of a husband. They are less submissive then the younger women which is frowned upon in the patriarchy. Moreover a woman’s aging body is a symbol of repulsion, grey hair is a sign of negligence (or rebellion). When a woman grows old, her body shouldn’t show the slightest sign of aging since a woman’s worth depends solely on what her body looks like. Having a rational mind is labelled as maculine and the natural body is labelled as feminin. All women have to rely on is their bodies that is why aging is seen as such a big problem : in Baudelaire’s “Une charogne” he describes a carcass in anticipation of what the future holds for his lover without even thinking that he too shall age. The time when people believed that we had to kill women to allow men to flourish is over- if we don’t take into account the 146 femicides in France in 2019 (one every two and a half days, a 21% raise over the course of a year). Witches have also made a huge comeback in literature these past few years ; such as “ Les Sorcière” by Céline du Chéné which was inspired by a France Culture documentary series (2018) and “ Sorcières La puissance invaincu des femmes” (2018) by Mona Chollet.
Nevertheless by the end of the 1960’s witches were already being appropriated by a few feminist movements as a sign of rebellion. The group WITCH ((Women’s International Terrorist Conspiracy from Hell), founded on Halloween of 1968 in New York would cast hexes in front of Wall Street as an anti-capitalist movement. American witches continue to meet up at the foot of Trump Tower to curse the president. And in France The Witch bloc Aix- Marseille protested in 2019 against “ la marche pour la vie” which was against abortions with slogans such as brush conservatisme under the rug or embryos for our potions. Witche aren’t just used as a symbol for feminism, their fights span across numerous causes as the Witch bloc Aix-Marseille proclaimed: “ feminists, anarchist are against all systematic oppression. We are anti racism, antifaschist, anticapitalist pro sexworkers, fighting for womens rights,cis and trans, for LGBTQ+ rights, people of colors rights and our group is anonymous and single-sex.”
However this contemporary movement has a certain aspect of white feminism that is appropriating cultures and practices that foreign to them and appropriating a memory that is not their own.
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TACK te propose une visite de quelques un des jolis coins culturels de Lyon. Ce dossier illustré revient sur les monuments symboliques de l’histoire de la ville et maîtres des évènements organisés au sein de celle-ci. On te laisse organiser ton prochain voyage.
Pour commencer, voici la Primatiale Saint-Jean-Baptiste construite de 1175 à 1480 dans le quartier Saint-Jean du Vieux Lyon dans le cinquième arrondissement. La primatiale sert de toile de fond pour les différentes projections lumineuses de la fête des lumières. Cette année, elle devrait se tenir du 5 au 8 décembre. Chaque année plus de 1,5 Millions de visiteurs font le déplacement pour admirer les différents plateaux lumineux proposés.
La Fontaine Bartholdi située place des Terreaux dans le premier arrondissement. Elle a été construite par Auguste Bartholdi, sculpteur de la statue de la liberté. Inaugurée en 1892 sous son appellation originelle de « Char triomphal de la Garonne » elle conserve finalement le nom officiel final « Les fleuves et les sources allant à l’océan ». On y voit une femme sur un char tiré par quatre chevaux.
La Villa Lumière a été habitée par Antoine Lumière puis par ses fils Auguste et Louis, inventeurs du cinématographe. La villa se situe dans le quartier de Monplaisir dans le huitième arrondissement de Lyon. Elle abrite aujourd’hui le musée et institut Lumière, organisateur du célèbre festival Lumière.
Voici la Chapelle du Grand Hôtel Dieu appartenant anciennement à l’Hôpital de l’Hotel Dieu, un des premiers hôpitaux lyonnais fondateur des hospices civiles de Lyon avec l’hôpital de la Charité situé place Bellecour, dont il ne reste plus que le clocher. Le Grand Hôtel Dieu est maintenant un centre commercial de luxe. La Chapelle se situe dans le quartier de Bellecour, sur la presqu’île de Lyon, dans le deuxième arrondissement.
Anciennes reliques conservées de la faculté de pharmacie, anciennement située dans l’Hotel Dieu.
La Basilique Notre Dame de Fourvière située sur la colline de Fourvière, dite « colline qui prie », dans le cinquième arrondissement. C’est un emblème lyonnais par excellence, elle rend hommage à la Vierge Marie, particulièrement aimée des lyonnais. Construite entre 1872 et 1884 elle domine Lyon et est visible depuis tous les arrondissements. Un clocher avec une statue en or de la vierge Marie s’élève à droite de la basilique, mais en est détachée. Elle est le monument le plus visité de Lyon avec environ deux millions de visiteurs par an.
L’Intérieur de la basilique est composée de diverses chapelles, dont la Chapelle Saint-Thomas est la plus vaste. Toute la basilique ou presque est recouverte de peintures et de dorures.
Les serres du parc de la tête d’or, où l’on peut découvrir la flore de tous les continents. Le parc de la tête d’or est le plus grand parc urbain de France, composé de divers jardins, serres, d’un parc animalier, d’un lac (au fond duquel se trouve une tête de Christ en or, laquelle est l’origine du nom du parc.) et moult autres choses attirant les visiteurs. Il est situé dans le sixième arrondissement.
Le Musée des confluences, au confluence de la Saône et du Rhône, à la pointe de la presqu’île situé dans le deuxième arrondissement. C’est un Musée d’art, d’histoire, d’histoire naturel … Il accueille de nombreuses expositions temporaires et permanentes. Il été construit pour avoir la forme d’un nuage. Il est fait de verre et d’acier. De nombreuses conférences, spectacles, récitals sont organisés dans le musée.
Les Expositions actuelles : « Traces du vivant », « L’univers a l’envers », « Origines, les récits du monde », « Sociétés, le théâtre du monde », « Eternités, visions de l’au-delà »…
L’Hôtel de Ville de Lyon se trouve place des terreaux dans le premier arrondissement. L’édifice est orné de beaucoup de sculptures et fioritures baroques. Le lion, symbole de la ville, est très présent sur la façade. Un clocher avec carillon est situé en arrière de la façade, dans la cour intérieur.
Un des nombreux salons de réception de l’Hotel de Ville de Lyon, orné de nombreux lustres, dorures et fresques.
On continue avec l’Opéra de Lyon et l’un de ses salons, il est place de la comédie dans le premier arrondissement. On peut voir huit muses s’élever sur la façade.
On termine avec l’intérieur de La Chapelle de la trinité, très célèbre pour les concerts à la bougie qui s’y tiennent.
Generations correspond to the idea that a certain decade is represented by a group of people. We are talking about “generations” to represent our elders or musically speaking, the different decades represent different artists or music genres. “Generations” are even mentioned in the famous game Pokemon, all of these references are part of commun knowledge to us. It is also quite similar in the cinematic world. There are of course tens of generations of directors, and many different generations of actors and actresses, etc.. I did not want to do an extremely ambitious expose recounting all emblematic people from each generation so I turned towards a wider definition of the word generations. The generation often being that of our elders. I wanted to take a look at how these people are portrayed by the camera who played and still play big roles in society.
I wanted to present a film that I hold in my heart, it’s a documentary called Plogoff, rocks against shotguns, which was released in 1980 and it focuses on a fight that led a small breton village to fight against the installation of a nuclear power plant. In this film we are interested in the problems that could transcend generations for young people to not so young. In this documentary we are lucky to have many witnesses and statements. It is not a cinematic subgenre, La déchirure ( 1984) is here to remind us how thin the border between film and documentary is. Plogoff benefited from a new outburst of support due to it’s restoration by the region of Bretagne, Bretagne’s Cinematheque, and the national cinema center. This documentary was then redistributed in cinemas in 2019 and 2020.
The year is 1980, Plogoff is a play about the mobilisation against the construction of a nuclear power plant and Felix and Nicole Le Garrec decide to join the movement. To bring light to the situation they decide to make a film, a film about the people of plogoff, a film where the (subventions) are assured by the Le Garrec family. For two months they filmed the confrontations between the police and the protestor , the speeches and interviewed many of the locals. Plogoff brings us the feelings and words of the generations in this village. While watching this film we understand the interest of these kind of pieces, we rediscover different ways of living, differents ways of thinking and we understand the different endgames and evolutions. Filming the actor and actresses, is telling a story but filming men and women is showing their story. The generation found its place within this documentary, and in the end it was one of the only films to show in cinemas the generations opinions on the nuclear.
In a completely different register I recommend a sad but very interesting short film by Anthony Chen : Ah Ma (2007). The generational aspect is definitely found since the film is centered around one of the character’s deaths. Anthony Chen’s talents lead us through fifteen minutes of painful passage between generations. This Singaporian director was awarded at Cannes for this short film.
No one consumes video games the same way. If today, I choose to focus on the emotions involved, the depth of the story and the characters, it wasn’t always the case.Today I’m going to find out if there are different ways to consume video games? I remember the first big game my father got me. He’d bought it for the PS2, I must have been around 7 or 8 years old. It was a pinball simulator (Ultimate Pro Pinball). He seemed very pleased with this game since it reminded him of his youth and when he would play on an actual pinball machine with strangers in bars. The pinball machine’s moment in the spotlight started in 1965 and, despite it’s electronification around 1976, it was replaced by arcades and memorable games such as Pong (1972) and Pac-Man (1980). It should be noted that the arrival and democratization of these games in the European market was much later than in the American or Japanese markets. So when my father in 2005, joystick in hand, rediscovered similar feelings to those two trigger buttons on his student pinball machine: he was happy .At first there was the pleasure and thrill that comes with new technology but there was also the pleasure of the old and finding something you once thought was gone. We find this same phenomenon in much more contemporary games.
In LSD’s « Video games are life » , the documentary series by France Culture, we meet Marie-Jo Anduz Faris who is a huge fan of the Zelda game series and who is now 76 years old. She got her hands on Zelda Breath Of The Wild (2017) and she plays it quite often: “I spend a minimum of 1 hour a day playing and sometimes until 8 oclock . ” She then goes on to explain that this feeling of travel and discovery is due to the magnificent open-world and its intelligent sound design. It’s debut was made for the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) in 1992 with the game Zelda Link To The Past (1991 for Japan, and 1992 for Europe and North America.) Maybe we should also be asking ourselves what makes a kids game appropriate for kids and what doesn’t?
For example for 7-12 year olds, other than a few educational games such as « Dora the Explorer ”, I don’t know much about the subject and frankly I’m not that interested in it either. . But I know enough to say that the ruling classes understand this and have already appropriated this media themselves. The PEGI (Pan European Game Information) classification is used to advise parents on what is a good game for their children. But this system has a few mistakes since it’s based solely on the presence of verbal and physical violence as well as the scary / disturbing effect of the game. In short, the storyline of the game and its history is not mentioned. I prefer to use the differentiation that science-fiction writer Alain Damasio would use : « empowering » and “powerless ». If we use my example, during my whole my childhood I played two games almost exclusively: Sly 3: Honor among thieves (2005 in Europe and USA on PS2) and the Professor Layton series starting with the first opus Professor Layton and the Strange Village (2007 Japan and 2008 USA and Europe). The two have forged my personality: I resemble Sly Cooper with his confident side and his sarcastic /snarky side. But I also resemble Luke Triton, who kept his will to always want to do better and live by the rules of the gentleman who marvels at each cat that passes by, while also being quite panicked as soon as he is thrown into an unforeseen situation. Which could mean that parents shouldn’t base their judgement of games based on the PEGI mark, but rather the values advocated by the games. For example Mario teaches players to persevere even if the goal seems unattainable. Always remember that your princess is probably hidden in another castle. As for the values presented in video games, I feel as if they are just as poignant as any animated film. We know that stories and fables can create a great number of values but also fears in children.
These two games have been beneficial to me, thanks to walking down the streets of Venice (Sly 3, world 1), I have developed a good sense of direction since I was forced to remember the path taken in order to turn back. And the many Layton puzzles have allowed me to develop a logical mind and the ability to rethink every situation. This argument has been used many times to promote the game of chess that is now taught in quite a few preschools. I find this argument less powerful when used in this context since it’s not an interaction between two people. Moreover, this comparison can only be made because in both situations there is one goal : gain the upper hand over your opponent thanks to a series of well thought out movements made by pieces. So much pressure caused by the simple desire to dominate.
For 12 to 18 year olds, there are more violent games, with violence no longer being suggested for these kids. We’re going to have a look at games from middle school smash bros to high school Tekken. Those were also the first weapon games: today there are Battle Royales such as PlayerUnknown’sBattlegrounds, before the deathmatches between buddies on Call Of Duty. There was this desire for virtual freedom or just to annoy people simply because I can. Whether it’s via the Far Cry series or Grand theft Auto. In brief at this charmiere? It is no longer a time where we are simply sitting in front of our PC’s, there is a need for adrenaline, even vertigo, we need everything to be fast paced, with more images,enemies and action etc… Some will get bored of it while others will stay. It’s at the end of high school that we notice a big number of players define their favorite genre.
It seems to me that the way we consume video games depends on one’s age and values. If during our first years of life we see our parents control alot of our decisions, it’s at this moment where we get our first values. And soon after we will feel the need to mix everything up and move on to something else since we are entering into the phase where we question everything. Find out who you are, and what you like. We follow the marketing that is aimed at us and the peer pressure of our friends all the while trying in vain to improve our aim (in FPS) or our look in FIFA. Then arrives the moment where groups grow apart and everyone is forced to think about what defines them. It’s easier to do when you’ve tested quite a few different things. Gamers that are older than 20 tend to keep playing the same genre of games that they’re used to. After reaching their thirties, marketing tends to focus more on nostalgia as a selling point. So then come all the remakes, and you can now replay your old favorite pokemon game and reconnect with our first sensations while playing Mario. This movement is accentuated as we get older which surely explains the comparison marketing and the famous “ this game is the Dark Souls of it’s genre” gimmick.